Down sydrome

Down Syndrome and Role of Homeopathy

Down Syndrome and Role of Homeopathy

down syndrome

Issued in Public Interest by

Vivid Homeopathy

On

world down syndrome day

Contributors

Dr Saurav AroraDr. Saurav Arora, BHMS (Gold Medalist), Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Dr Bharti Arora

Dr. Bharti Arora, MD (Hom.), BHMS (Silver Medalist), Co-Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Read Online Below or Download PDF here

In This Issue

  • Down syndrome
  • Presentation
  • Characteristics
  • How to Diagnose?
  • Aim of treatment
  • Management
  • Self Help – Support Groups
  • Organizations
  • Some Important Points
  • Role of Homeopathy in Down syndrome

Down syndrome

Also known as trisomy 21 (presence of a copy of the third chromosome), it represents an incurable, one of the most common genetic alterations, reflected through variable learning disabilities and certain physical characteristics. The term was coined by John Langon Down in 1866 and the cause (extra chromosome) was identified in 1959.
In developing countries and where prenatal screening is not carried, it is usually diagnosed after childbirth. However, prenatal screening can also help us in detecting the trisomy 21 or Down syndrome, if found suspected, further tests are advised to find the risk of developing Down syndrome.  The Down syndrome child is usually born to genetically normal parents, and no clear mechanism has been found out to explain the presence of three chromosomes in genes in place of two.

Presentation

Individuals with Down syndrome have characteristic physical and intellectual variations. But the most common struggling issues with which they suffer are:

  1. Poor immune function
  2. Delayed milestones
  3. Increased risk of a number of health problems like autoimmune diseases, heart problems, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, blood disorders and mental disorders, etc.

Characteristics

The characteristics of Down syndrome present variably in each and every case. The prominent and common characteristics may be:

  • Mental impairment
  • Stunted growth (short stature)
  • Slanted eyes
  • Abnormal teeth
  • Shortened hands
  • Short neck
  • Protruding tongue
  • Proportionally large tongue
  • Flathead
  • Abnormal outer ears
  • Flexible ligaments
  • Extra space between big toe and second toe
  • Low muscle tone
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • The narrow roof of the mouth
  • Bent fifth fingertip
  • Single transverse palmar crease
  • Flattened nose
  • Strabismus
  • Separation of first and second toes
  • Etc.

These characteristics are commonly associated with other anomalies like hypothyroidism, congenital heart disease, autoimmunity, epilepsy etc.

The intelligence quotient (IQ) may vary from person to person. It may be good, poor or low depending upon the presentation thus the neurological disability may be mild, moderate or poor respectively.

In Down syndrome, an individual usually has better understanding skills rather than speech skills, due to which he may do fairly well in society and improve their social skills over the time, but as there may be vocal impairment the coordination and active communication may become troublesome.

The behavior problems are not as great as other neurological disorders, however, mental illness and autism occur in a fairly good number of individuals. Since, a neurological as well psychological disturbance depends upon genetics, environment, and learnings, Down syndrome individual may develop some symptoms when they approach adulthood because by that time they are active interaction with the society and are exposed actively to social environment.

How to Diagnose?

The diagnosis can be pre-birth and post-birth. If a pregnant female is suspected to have trisomy 21 (on ultrasound or blood tests), invasive diagnostic tests like amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling are performed. But these techniques usually have some false positive reporting and an increased risk of miscarriage, therefore, the diagnosis is not simple during pregnancy. When found positive the rate of elected abortion varies widely.
Diagnosis at birth can also be suspected on the basis of the physical appearance of the new-born. When suspected chromosome mapping may be advised.

Aim of treatment

  • The aim of treatment is improving the quality of life and intellectual capabilities of the individual, and decreasing the incurable disease burden.
  • It is seen that not every child needs special school, but every child needs special attention.

Management

Management of Down syndrome is a relative term. The management has certain goals which can be enlisted as:

Educate: The education plays an important role in understanding the pathophysiology of Down syndrome and thus it can prepare an individual, parent or a guardian to accept the reality. A well-educated parent, guardian and an individual know the limits and treatability of the case. Education programs not only aim at imparting short-term knowledge but regularly sensitizing regarding various important aspects of Down syndrome.

Treat – Manage: In Down syndrome, along with the characteristic features, there are certain conditions which can be treated medically and with the aid of therapies. For example,

  • Milestones achievement may be improved.
  • Immunity may be strengthened so that the individual is less exposed to disease burden.
  • Acute conditions can be treated satisfactorily.
  • Chronic conditions are treated holistically.
  • Behavioral and mental illnesses can be resolved with the help of right medications.

It is recommended that early screening and apt therapy helps a child to grow at a satisfactory pace. Therapies like speech therapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, etc. must be adopted at right time.

Screen: The most important aspect always remains alertness. The more alert an individual is, easier things can go. Down syndrome individuals must be screened for all possible alterations in health at regular intervals of time. For example, starting from the birth the screening schedule may be:

  • Thyroid function tests at birth and if normal once in a year.
  • Coeliac disease at 2 – 3 years of age or earlier if the symptoms occur.
  • Diabetes at 4 – 5 years of age and then routine blood sugar levels annually.
  • Alopecia areata – parents need to closely examine any usual or abrupt hair loss.
  • Screening for congenital heart diseases at birth.
  • Ultrasonography at birth.
  • Hearing test at 6 months and then annually.
  • Routine eye examination annually.
  • Sleep study if the symptoms of sleep apnea occur.
  • X-ray neck between 3 – 5 years of age.
  • GENERAL PHYSICAL EXAMINATION annually.

Follow: Follow the footsteps. A doctor’s/physician/therapist advice is to be followed regularly to counter the Down syndrome effects on life.

Differentiate: A very important aspect of Down syndrome is the differentiation from other neurological/psychological conditions. As an individual with this condition may have other co-morbid similar conditions, the responsibility lies in the identification and right treatment of the condition. For example, if a child is suffering from autism and depression, it is advisable to treat that condition first.

Access to a good healthcare is a fundamental right of everyone.

Self Help – Support Groups

The concept of self-help and support group has boomed with the increasing awareness regarding Down syndrome. These groups aim at exchanging knowledge and ideas to deal with Down syndrome and to live a better life. Broadly, we can extract that groups:

  • Gives access to the exchange of knowledge regarding the disease.
  • Platform for discussions amongst peers.
  • Common home-based therapeutic tips for minor ailments.
  • Counseling related to education, work, health and social interactions.
  • Job opportunities. Employee – Employer interaction.
  • Schooling tips – strategies to deal with individuals especially kids.
  • How to channelize burden of parents to raise their kids.
  • Improving cognitive capabilities – sign language, reading skills, speech etc.
  • Mutual respect and acceptance.

Organizations

Below are some of the organization for Down syndrome help groups:

*Please check the credentials of an organization before visiting their website or office. Not related to Vivid Homeopathy in any form.

Some Important Points

  • Down syndrome is a genetic anomaly and not a disability.
  • An individual with Down syndrome deserve equal respect and position in the society
  • It is our responsibility to teach society the right perspective to Down syndrome. Therefore, “Each one – Teach one” concept needs to be applied.
  • There are many medical conditions associated with Down syndrome which can be treated successfully with medical interventions.
  • If we come across any self-help group it is our responsibility to support them in our own way.

Role of Homeopathy in Down syndrome

Homeopathy heals holistically!

Identify the Cause: In the homeopathic system of medicine, prime importance is given to the underlying cause of the dis-ease, symptoms, and signs. Through a holistic approach, the aim is to find out the deviations from health. As in case of Down syndrome, because of the presence of an extra gene, the characteristic physical and mental symptoms appear. Now, this genetic makeup can’t be altered but the expressions can! The identification of cause can be of great help. Homeopathically in such cases, the prenatal and family history is very important. There are many medicines in homeopathy which are prescribed according to the prenatal, natal, past and family history. Therefore, if your homeopath asks you in-depth questions you should provide the best information to your knowledge.

Constitutional – Individualized Medicine: The term constitutional and individualized medicines are commonly used in homeopathy. The aim of constitutional treatment is to find out the best possible individualized remedy for a case. The aim of such treatment is to improve the immune system as a whole so that a person with Down syndrome doesn’t catch the infection, allergies and other diseases easily and also the recurrent tendency to a particular disease can also be reduced.

Acute – Chronic Diseases: In Down syndrome, there may be acute diseases, acute exacerbation of chronic disease and recurrent presentation of chronic diseases. Therefore, if we study the in-depth of a case we know the difference between an acute condition and acute presentation of a chronic disease.

Treat – Manage – Palliate: This concept is very easy to understand. With a thorough knowledge of disease and homeopathy, we categorize patients according to treatable, manageable and cases where palliation is the only option categories. For example, recurrent tendency to catch a cough and cold is treatable, delayed milestones can be treated to some extent, coeliac disease can only be managed and cretinism needs only replacement therapy (palliation).

First – Aid Kit: Likewise the educative material, individuals, parents, and guardians can keep a homeopathic first aid kit at their home to treat the minor symptoms and ailments homeopathically. The homeopathic medicines are safe, effective, affordable and easier to administer. Therefore, these kits can be used in consultation with the physician at odd hours also.

Improvement is the Keyword: Homeopathic medicines aims to improve the immunity and nervous system, therefore, these help in improving the cognitive and intellectual abilities of an individual suffering from Down syndrome.

Add-on: Many times it is commonly mistaken that homeopathic medicines cannot be opted along with other medicines or therapies. It is now well understood that homeopathic medicines can be safely taken along with other medicines or therapies. The patient is asked to maintain a gap of approx. 30 mins between different medications.

Following medicines are commonly used in homeopathy as constitutional or specific or both in Down syndrome individuals:

  • Baryta carb
  • Calcarea carb
  • Calcarea phos
  • Causticum
  • Phosphorus
  • Silicea
  • Syphilinum
  • Thuja occidentalis
  • Tuberculinum
  • Etc.

Dose – Potency: The dose and potency are dependent upon symptoms, chronicity of the case, age, and other factors. Usually, low potencies (x, 6, 30) are commonly used in acute conditions and high potencies (200, 1000, CM etc.) are used in neurological/psychological and irreversible conditions.

There are also few homeopathic remedies called as nosodes which are used as intercurrent remedies to improve the immunity.

Disclaimer

This article does not intend to replace the in-person consultation. The facts are for general purpose and public awareness only, and must not be taken as Medical Consultation in any form. For a consultation, treatment and specific queries, you need to contact your healthcare professional.

Not for Medico-legal purposes.

© Vivid Homeopathy & Arora’s Homeopathic Clinic 2018.

For reprint and collaborations please contact Dr. Saurav Arora at vividhomeopathy@gmail.com

Do's and Don'ts

Taking Homeopathy? Do’s and Don’ts You Need to Keep in Mind While Taking Homeopathic Medicines

By

Dr Saurav AroraDr. Saurav Arora, BHMS (Gold Medalist), Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Dr Bharti Arora

Dr. Bharti Arora, MD (Hom.), BHMS (Silver Medalist), Co-Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Issued in Public Interest by

Vivid Homeopathy

www.vividhomeopathy.com | vividhomeopathy@gmail.com | +91 9811425214

Read Online Below or Download PDF here

In This Issue

  • Commonly Prescribed Forms of Homeopathic Medicines
  • Common Scales
  • How to take
  • Time gap
  • What to Avoid
  • Taking Homeopathy along with Allopathic and other therapies
  • Two Prescriptions at a Time
  • Storage
  • Expiry
  • General consideration
  • Report Unusual

Commonly Prescribed Forms of Homeopathic Medicines

1. Liquid – Dilutions: The dilutions are commonly available online as well as on homeopathic pharmaceutical stores. The potency of each medicine is indicated on the label, along with the name of the medicine. It must be carefully read and understood before taking medicine. For example Belladonna 30 or Spongia tosta 30cH. The liquid potencies are usually available as:

  • Centesimal: denoted by ‘c’, ‘ch’, ‘CH’ or simply nothing i.e. numerical potencies – 6, 30, 200 etc. are same as 6c, 30c, 200c or 6cH, 30cH or 200cH.
  • LM/Fifty Millesimal scale: The medicines are denoted either LM/1, LM/2, etc. or 0/1, 0/2 and so on. These medicines are highly diluted and can be taken several times a day in liquid form only.

2. Pills (Globules) soaked with liquid dilutions:

  • This is probably the most common method of dispensing homeopathic medicines.
  • Usually, plastic or glass vials are used.
  • There are various sizes of pills (globules) such as 10, 20, 30, 40 etc. and the dosage and repetition is decided by the treating physician.
  • Pills are easy to administer and can be easily given to every age group.
  • Pills are made up of sucrose/lactose sugar and are naturally white, therefore, if you note any change in their colour you must not use them anyway.

3. Biochemic tablets: Biochemic salts (also known as Schussler’s salt are commonly prescribed as homeopathic or add-on to homeopathic prescription. Their dose depends upon condition and chronicity of the disease. For almost all biochemic salts and bio-combinations the dosage is mentioned on the leaflet provided with them.

4. Powder form: The powder used in homeopathic prescription is made up of milk sugar and is completely safe, even for kids. The liquid medicine or few medicated pillules are added to the powder as a dose.

5. Mother tinctures: Mother tinctures are the crude/base potency of homeopathic medicines. These are diluted with water in less to moderate doses. Prolonged usage of mother tinctures are not advisable without physician’s advice.

6. Triturated Tablets: Triturated tablets are form of homeopathic medicines containing low potencies of medicines in a suitable base (e.g. lactose). These are consumed either by chewing or crushed and mixed with water. Triturated tablets are commonly denoted with ‘x’ along with name of medicines e.g. Thyroidinum 3x, Insulinum 6x, etc.


Common Scales

  • Decimal – denoted by ‘x’ such as Calcarea phosphorica 6x; Aal serum 7x, etc.
  • Centesimal – liquid potencies.
  • LM/Fifty Millesimal – liquid potencies.

How to take

  • Homeopathic medicines must be taken as per the advice of a registered homeopathic practitioner only.
  • Pills must be taken in the cap of the vial or plastic spoon first and then put in the mouth.
  • The idea behind not touching the medicine is to keep medicine safe from contamination of any kind.
  • Liquid potencies must be diluted in water before consumption. Usually, 04 drops of liquid dilution are diluted with 2 – 4 tsp water and 20 drops of mother tinctures are diluted in one cup of water, but this dilution factor may vary from practitioner to practitioner.

 


Time gap

  • There must be an ample time gap between meals/eating and homeopathic medicines.
  • The basic logic is that lesser the smell in the mouth more effective the medicine would be.
  • As a general advice, a patient need to give a gap of 20 – 30 minutes before and after taking homeopathic medicines.
  • However, there is no restriction on having water immediately before or after taking medicines.

What to Avoid

  • In general, there is no restriction to onion and garlic (as commonly asked by the patients), provided patient maintains an ample gap between meals and medicines (before or after taking medicine).
  • In some cases, there are specific restriction of certain food/environmental items, which shall be told by your treating physician.
  • Strong smelling food items must be avoided before or after taking homeopathic medicine.
  • One may take Tea, Coffee, etc. (in less-moderate quantity), if not asked by treating physician to restrict.
  • Tobacco (chewing and smoking), alcohol, drugs are to be strictly avoided while taking homeopathic treatment.
  • You may avoid strong smelling perfumes, medicated soaps, scented hair oils etc., only if asked by the treating physician.

Taking Homeopathy along with Allopathic and other therapies

  • As per latest research and experience, homeopathy can be taken as Add-on or complementary therapy along with other therapies or allopathic medicines.
  • An half an hour gap is advisable between homeopathic and other medications.
  • These situations are common when the patient is on essential medicines such as Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiac disorders, Thyroid disorders or life-saving medicines as in accident or post-surgery, in such cases, you must follow your treating physician’s advice.

Two Prescriptions at Same Time

  • Many a time patients ask about taking prescription from two homeopathic practitioners at the same time for two different problems. This must not be followed.
  • A patient must follow a single homeopathic practitioner/prescription at one time. However, if required, second opinions may be obtained from other homeopathic professionals.

Storage

  • Homeopathic medicines must be stored in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight, heat, radiations such as microwave, TV, or strong odors such as camphor, solvents, paint, and chemicals etc.
  • Homeopathic medicines should not be refrigerated.

Expiry

  • Nowadays every homeopathic medicine comes with a pre-defined expiry especially biochemic tablets, combinations, patents and mother tinctures.
  • If there is any change in colour of the pills, biochemic tablets or change in consistency/colour change in liquid dilution/tinctures, one must not consume them.
  • For liquid dilutions, if by adding liquid to pills dissolve them immediately, the indication is to discard the liquid dilution.

General considerations

  • Homeopathic medicines are completely safe but must be taken with consultation only.
  • A qualified homeopathic practitioner knows the dosage, repetition and potency selection and therefore helps a patient with right medicine – right dose – and right repetition.
  • Self-medication must be avoided.
  • Many times, people keep on taking mother tinctures in substantiate dosage for long without consulting a physician. Such a usage is not advisable at all.

Report Unusual

Homeopathic medicines are amongst the safest medicines with no side effects, however, there may arise a condition when your symptoms may get aggravated due to other factors (self-medication, progressive medical condition, side effects of other medicines etc.). If you feel any other symptom or deviation from health, you should immediately report it to your treating physician.


Disclaimer

This article does not intend to replace the in-person consultation. The facts are for general purpose and public awareness only, and must not be taken as Medical Consultation in any form. For consultation, treatment and specific queries you need to contact your healthcare professional.

Not for Medico-legal purposes.

© Vivid Homeopathy & Arora’s Homeopathic Clinic 2018.

For reprint and collaborations please contact Dr. Saurav Arora at vividhomeopathy@gmail.com

PCOS, PHHA Series

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome & Role of Homeopathy in PCOS

By

Dr Saurav AroraDr. Saurav Arora, BHMS (Gold Medalist), Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Dr Bharti Arora

Dr. Bharti Arora, MD (Hom.), BHMS (Silver Medalist), Co-Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Issued in Public Interest by

Vivid Homeopathy

www.vividhomeopathy.com | vividhomeopathy@gmail.com | +91 9811425214

Read Online Below or Download PDF here

In This Issue

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (=PCOS or PCOD)
  • Common Age of Onset
  • What is PCOS
  • Important terms
  • How it happens
  • Clinical Presentation
  • Types of PCOS
  • Prevalence
  • Diagnosis
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Complications
  • Some Important facts
  • Management
  • Role of Homeopathy in PCOS
  • Recommended Scientific Reading

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (=PCOS or PCOD)

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or commonly called PCOS or PCOD (disease) is one of the rising endocrine disorders affecting millions of reproductive age group females. It is not only a disease which affects ovaries but may result in reproductive, metabolic, and psychological consequences.

Common Age of Onset

  • Common age of onset is adolescence.
  • Common time of diagnosis: 2nd to 4th decade of life.
  • Some symptoms may appear starting at menarche or post menopause.

What is PCOS

The first consensus definition of PCOS arose from the proceedings of an expert meeting in April 1990 in USA (1990 NIH criteria). It defines PCOS as the combined presence of:

  1. Hyperandrogenism,
  2. Oligoovulation and
  3. Exclusion of related disorders such as Cushing’s syndrome, hyperprolactinemia, and congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

However, in today’s scenario, an increasing awareness about PCOS suggests that the clinical expression of PCOS are broader than that specified by the 1990 NIH criteria.

Important terms

  • Hyperandrogenism = Androgen excess = excessive levels of androgens (male sex hormones such as testosterone).
  • Oligoovulation: Infrequent or irregular ovulation (usually defined as cycles of ≥36 days or <8 cycles a year).
  • Anovulation: is absence of ovulation when it would be normally expected (in a post-menarchal, premenopausal woman).

How it happens

The exact cause of PCOS is still unknown. It is believed that the hormonal imbalances and genetics play important role in its pathogenesis.

  • Females with PCOS often struggle with higher-than-normal production of androgens.
  • This affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation.
  • In many cases excess serum insulin may cause high androgen levels.

Clinical Presentation

The type and severity of symptoms varies from individual. Hyperandrogenism is a primary hallmark of PCOS. PCOS may cause women to develop certain characteristics, such as:

  • Abnormal growth of hair on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes (hirsutism),
  • Acne
  • Weight gain

Other symptoms/signs include:

  • Deeper voice
  • Decrease in breast size
  • Thin hair
  • Pelvic pain
  • Anxiety or
  • Infertility

Along with PCOS a female may have other concurrent health problems, such as diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol. These are linked to the weight gain typical in PCOS patients.

Types of PCOS

PCOS may express in following subtypes:

  1. HYPERANDROGENISM, normal cycle, PCO IN ULTRASOUND.
  2. Normal androgens, OLIGO-ANOVULATION, normal
  3. HYPERANDROGENISM, OLIGO-ANOVULATION, normal
  4. HYPERANDROGENISM, OLIGO-ANOVULATION, PCO IN ULTRASOUND

Prevalence

  • It affects approximately 5-10% of the female population in developed countries
  • In India it is approximately reported in 9% of the adolescent females.
  • Between 15-35 years of age it is commonly prevalent in around 6 – 13% of females

Diagnosis

PCOS is diagnosed clinically, but certain investigations are advised to diagnose it completely, such as:

  • Androgen level: free testosterone, DHEAS and androstenedione.
  • Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG): usually low in PCOS.
  • Fasting insulin: elevated in PCOS.
  • Fasting glucose or 2-hour post-prandial glucose: elevated in PCOS.
  • LH/FSH Ratio: PCOS is associated with high LH with normal FSH. Normally, the ratio of LH: FSH is 1:1, but in PCOS, this ratio can get altered to 2:1 or even more.
  • Cholesterol levels: Impaired lipid metabolism may occur together with impaired blood sugar metabolism leading to an increase in both HDL and LDL.
  • Ultrasound to check for the presence of ovarian cysts in a typical pattern.

Differential Diagnosis

  • Pregnancy
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Late-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Androgen-producing tumor of the ovary or adrenal gland
  • Discontinuation of oral contraceptives
  • Rapid weight loss

Complications

Untreated PCOS may be associated with

  • Increased risk for cardiovascular disease
  • Dyslipidaemia
  • Infertility
  • Menstrual irregularities like amenorrhea, dysfunctional uterine bleeding
  • Permanent hirsutism
  • Persistent acne and
  • In some cases increased risk for endometrial cancer, endometrial hyperplasia and, breast cancer.

Some Important facts

  • This disorder was first identified in 1935 by Stein and Leventhal who noticed a condition in women characterized by irregular menstruation, obesity, and hirsutism, in addition to cysts on the women’s ovaries.
  • Genetic and environmental factors when combined with ovarian dysfunction, hypothalamic pituitary abnormalities, and obesity can accentuate PCOS.
  • Hormones imbalance involves estrogen, progesterone and androgens, such as testosterone.
  • The syndrome has major metabolic as well as reproductive morbidities. Reproductive problems may include infertility and various pregnancy complications and clinical signs of androgen excess.
  • Since it is reflected as hormone imbalance, there are instances where metabolic problems are also seen such as insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, impaired glucose tolerance etc.
  • It is a psychological stress to a female and may result in lack of confidence, poor quality of life, poor self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and possibly eating disorders.

Management

The management of PCOS has four thumb rules:

  • Education: The PCOS and its causes must be taught to the patient. Many times it may be due to an underlying risk factor such obesity or stress.
  • Understanding: PCOS and its pathophysiological understanding is a must. Its present form, how much it is going to trouble a patient, what would be the probable outcome in future etc. must be understood.
  • Treat the Cause: As a thumb rule we need to identify the underlying cause of the PCOS, thus the treatment must aim at considering the root cause and not superficial symptoms only.
  • Eat Healthy Live Healthy: It is now an established fact that PCOS is related to poor life-style, stress and genetics. We can’t modify genetics but we can modify body’s expression and health status. Involment in health activities and treatment is the key rule. The patient is advised to take active interest and participation in timely medication, exercise, and dietary restrictions. Activities may include controlling cholesterol levels, reducing obesity, maintaining blood pressure etc.

Role of Homeopathy in PCOS

Homeopathy heals holistically!

  • Treat the Cause: Homeopathic system of medicine is a therapeutic system of symptoms similarity which is safe, effective, affordable and within reach. It takes into account the holistic approach i.e. person as a whole. This means that we treat every patient on the basis of individualization. During this process prescription is based upon the many factors such as symptoms, sign, causation, history, family history, mental status and inherent nature of the person, likings, disliking etc. This is synonymous with term Constitutional Medicine.
  • The PCOS has been termed as a syndrome as it affects many systems of the body. Therefore, it may be considered as a constitutional problem rather than a local disease.
  • Homoeopathic intervention aims at halting the progress, providing symptomatic relief and curing the patient.
  • Homeopathic medicines stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis thereby strengthens the immune system and trigger the natural release of hormones.

The homeopathic treatment of PCOS is divided into three major parts:

  • Initial stages (detected early): Constitutional treatment and/or specifics to control the symptoms.
  • Developed stages: Specific medicines to control symptoms and to regularise the body’s hormonal imbalance.
  • PCOS with other morbidities: Specific medicines are repeated too often and given for longer duration. The aim is to control the situation and improve quality of life of patients.

Homeopathic medicines can be taken safely along with other/conventional medications (ADD-ON Therapy).

  • The patient is asked to maintain a gap of approx. 30 mins between different medications.
  • The key point of treating PCOS is holistic healing and not hormonal or ultrasonography normalcy only.

Following medicines are commonly used frequently in homeopathy as constitutional or specific or both:

  • Apis mellifica
  • Natrum muriaticum
  • Platina
  • Phosphorus
  • Sepia
  • Pulsatilla (both in potency and mother tincture)
  • Thuja occidentalis
  • Senecio aureus
  • Oophorinum
  • Jonesia Asoca
  • Etc.

As a common myth, mother tinctures are not always superior to potencies. The right potency may be mother tincture, trituration or a dilution depending on severity and presentation of the case.

Recommended Scientific Reading

  1. Azziz R, Carmina E, Dewailly D, Diamanti – Kandarakis E, Escobar-Morreale HF, Futterweit W, et al. The Androgen Excess and PCOS Society criteria for the polycystic ovary syndrome: the complete task force report. Fertil Steril. Feb 2009;91(2):456-88. [Medline].
  2. Stein IF, Leventhal ML. Amenorrhea associated with bilateral polycystic ovaries. AJOG 1935; 29(2):181-191.
  3. Garad, R., Teede, H. J., & Moran, L. (2011). An evidence-based guideline for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Australian Nursing Journal, 19(4): 30.
  4. Heidi A. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in urban India. Manlove University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Available from: http://bit.ly/1Dq1fbP [Last accessed on 26 April 2015].
  5. Nidhi R, Padmalatha V, Nagarathna R, Amritanshu R. Prevalence of polycystic ovarian syndrome in Indian adolescents. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2011;24:223‑7.
  6. Nidhi R, Padmalatha V, Nagarathna R, Amritanshu R. Prevalence of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in Indian Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology 2011; 4: 223–27.
  7. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current and Emerging Concepts. Springer. Lubna Pal 2014. London
  8. Burghen G.A., Givens J.R., Kitabchi A.E. (1980) Correlation of hyperandrogenism with hyperinsulinism in polycystic ovarian disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 50: 113–116
  9. Jeffcoate, William et al. Diabète des femmes à barbe: a classic paper reread. The Lancet , Volume 356 , Issue 9236 , 1183 – 1185
  10. Kierland RR, Lakatos I, Szijarto L. Acanthosis nigricans: An analysis of data in twenty-two cases and a study of its frequency in necropsy material. J Invest Dermatol 1947:9:299-305
  11. Brown J, Winkelmann RK. Acanthosis nigricans: a study of 90 cases. Medicine 1968 47:33-51
  12. Kahn CR, Flier JS, Bar RS, Archer JA, Gorden P, Martin MM, Roth J 1976 The syndromes of insulin resistance and acanthosis nigricans. N Engl J Med 294:739–745
  13. Hughesdon PE 1982 Morphology and morphogenesis of the stein-leventhal ovary and of so-called “hyperthecosis.” Obstet Gynecol Surv 37:59–77
  14. Roe AH, Dokras A. The Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Adolescents. Reviews in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2011;4(2):45-51.
  15. Legro RS. Polycystic ovary syndrome: current and future treatment paradigms. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998;179:S101–8.

 

Disclaimer

This article does not intend to replace the in-person consultation. The facts are for general purpose and public awareness only, and must not be taken as Medical Consultation in any form. For consultation, treatment and specific queries you need to contact your healthcare professional.

Not for Medico-legal purposes.

© Vivid Homeopathy & Arora’s Homeopathic Clinic 2017.

For reprint and collaborations please contact Dr. Saurav Arora at vividhomeopathy@gmail.com

Air Pollution, PHHA Series

Effects of Air Pollution on Health and Role of Homeopathy

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Public Health and Homeopathy Awareness Initiative Series

Air Pollution: Its Effects on Health & Role of Homeopathy in Air Pollution Related Diseases

By

Dr Saurav AroraDr. Saurav Arora, BHMS (Gold Medalist), Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Dr Bharti Arora

Dr. Bharti Arora, MD (Hom.), BHMS (Silver Medalist), Co-Founder: Vivid Homeopathy 

Issued in Public Interest by

Arora’s Homeopathic Clinic

An Establishment under

Vivid Homeopathy

www.arorasclinic.com | vividhomeopathy@gmail.com | +91 9811425214

Read Online Below or Download PDF here

Air is the Most Essential Thing

Air is a mechanical mixture of gases, and the most essential thing for an organism to survive. It normally contains Nitrogen (78%), Oxygen (21%), Carbon dioxide and other gases in proportion. In addition to these gases, air also contains water vapour, traces of ammonia and suspended matter such as dust, bacteria, spores, and vegetable debris, etc.

Apart from supplying the life-giving oxygen, air and atmospheric conditions serve several functions.  The human body is cooled by the air contact; special senses of hearing and smell function through air-transmitted stimuli; disease agents are conveyed by air.

The term “air pollution” denotes the presence of substances (e.g. gases, mixtures of gases and particulate matter) in the ambient surroundings, generated by the activities that interfere with the human health, safety or comfort, and is injurious to organisms, and other environmental media. It also results in chemicals entering the food chain, drinking water and thereby, adding substantial disease burden and affecting the quality of life.  The problem of air pollution was first recognized about 500 years ago when the burning of coal in cities was increasing, and since then it is increasing at an alarming rate all over the globe.

During foggy weather, when little wind is present the smoke generated from pollution is mixed with fog and form “SMOG”

The smog is making it difficult for people to see and breathe. 

Types

  1. Personal air exposure: refers to exposure to dust, fumes and gases to which an individual is exposed directly or indirectly, eg. Smoking.
  2. Occupational air exposure: exposure to harmful concentration of aerosols, vapors, and gases in working environment.
  3. Community air exposure:  This is most serious, complex, consists of varieties of assortment of pollution sources, meteorological factors, and wide variety of adverse social, economic, and health effects.

Air Pollutants

Till date more than 100 substances have been identified which pollute the air. These vary from place to place depending upon the specific complex of contaminant source. Following are few examples of primary and secondary air pollutants:

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Sulphur dioxide
  • Nitrogen oxides
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Particulate matter
  • Lead
  • Benzen
  • Ozone
  • PAN (peroxy acetyl nitrate)
  • Photochemical smog
  • Aerosols and mists: Sulphuric acid  (H2SO4), Nitric acid (HNO3)

Indoor Air Pollution

  • Indoor air pollution is one of the four most critical global environmental problems.
  • It exposes more people worldwide to important air pollutants than pollution in outdoor air.
  • Rural people in developing countries may receive as much as two-thirds of the global exposure to particulates.
  • Women and children suffer the greatest exposure.

Sources of Indoor Pollution

  • Indoor air pollution contributes to acute respiratory infections in young children, chronic lung disease, and cancer in adults, and may induce adverse pregnancy outcomes.
  • Non-smoking women exposed to indoor coal smoke have a risk of lung cancer similar to that of men who smoke lightly.

Effects on Health

Air pollution has short term and long term effects. The direct effects are reflected in airway system and then spread to multi-systems. It ranges from:

  • Upper and lower respiratory tract infections (acute and chronic)
  • Acute and recurrent bronchitis
  • Acute respiratory distress
  • Asthmatic attacks
  • Aggravation of pre-existing respiratory and heart disease.
  • Lung cancer

The short term and long term exposure is also linked with short life expectancy and reduced quality of life.

Effects of specific pollutants

General Management

The keywords of general management with respect to Air Pollution are:

Prevention

  • More you prevent yourself from harmful allergens, dust, smoke, pollution and smog, more it would be beneficial for your health.
  • Try to avoid early morning exposure to smog, cold air when your city is too much polluted.
  • Avoid travelling in crowded areas, malls and street where number of people and vehicles are intense.
  • Avoid taking walks on main roads, rather prefer parks with greenery.

Eat Healthy

  • Eating healthy foods keep your immunity intact and strong.
  • Food items like Jaggery, food rich in vitamin E and C keeps your immunity intact.
  • Avoid taking spicy and sour foods.

Keep your airways clear and clean

  • Use masks where ever necessary.
  • Avoid smoking and Passive-Smoking.
  • Keep your home free of dust, perfumes, strong smells and garbage.

Medication

  • Timely medication helps your immunity to fight disease better.
  • Don’t ignore symptoms even if they are minor and nonspecific.

Education

  • Keep yourself educated regarding hazards of air pollution and how to tackle them.
  • Keep an eye on neighbourhood for any polluting activities such as open fires, release of chemicals from factories, old polluting vehicles etc.
  • Try not to use own vehicles when you are travelling alone.
  • Opt for Car-Pool in where ever possible.

Ask for your rights

  • At working environments ask for masks, air purifiers, and less exposure to air/chemical pollution
  • Take opinion of medical specialists if you feel unwell while working.
  • Support govt. initiatives to keep your city clean and green

Role of Homeopathy in Diseases arising from Air Pollution

Homeopathy heals holistically!

  • Homeopathic medicines stimulates the body’s inner strength and boost the immune system to work well i.e. to reduce the disease load and to improve the overall health.
  • The constitutional or individualized homeopathy is known to reduce to tendency to catch respiratory illnesses.
  • The prescription is dependent upon symptoms, signs, tendencies, history and causation.
  • The treatment can be curative, palliative or supportive depending upon state and staging of disease.
  • In every stage homeopathy has a definitive role to play.
  • Homeopathic medicines can be taken safely along with other/conventional medications (ADD-ON Therapy).
  • In addition to constitutional/individualized medicines, the following medicines are frequently used on the basis of causation and symptom similarity:
  • Allium cepa: Rhinitis, coryza copious, fluent, watery, acrid discharge; burning in nose, mouth, throat; violent sneezing; eyes red, burning with profuse, watery, bland lacrimation; headache, cough, hoarseness.
  • Ammonium carb: Complaints from fumes, charcoal fumes; emphysematous changes in lungs; frequent sneezing, profuse discharge from nose, burning like hot water; stoppage of nose at night, wake up from sleep; sensation of dust particles in throat; dry tickling cough; chokes; wheezing.
  • Arsenicum album: An important remedy that is used in majority of complaints incidental to air pollutants, e.g. conjunctivitis, rhinitis, asthmatic bronchitis, emphysema, lung cancer, leukaemia and other malignancies, etc; quick respiration; suffocation inducing cough; scanty, frothy expectoration; sneezing without relief; burning in eyes; burning pains all over.
  • Blatta orientalis: Complaints from fumes, coal dust, smoke; relieves bronchospasm, acts as expectorant; dyspnoea, oppression of breathing; cough, with thick and purulent sputum.
  • Bromium: Complaints from coal dust; allergy to dust; complaints of sailors who suffer from asthma when they go ashore, better on sea. Dry spasmodic cough, airway feels filled with smoke; difficulty in inspiring, as if breathing through sponge.
  • Carbo veg: Complaints from carbon gas, carbon monoxide, dust, smoke, fumes from incomplete combustion of fuels. Collapse from imperfect oxidation. Oppressed, quick respiration; air-hunger, longing for fresh air; wants windows open; long spasms of cough with weakness, wheezing, gagging.
  • Cassia sophera: Complaints from exposure to dust, smoke; asthma, dry cough, with pain in chest, irritation in throat, better warmth; expectoration thick, yellowish; worse during winters, change of weather.
  • Dulcamara: Ailments from changing, damp environment, foggy weather, cold damp conditions, air-conditioned rooms; dry, teasing, spasmodic cough; hoarseness; dyspnoea after physical exertion.
  • Euphrasia: Inflammation of the conjunctiva; profuse acrid lacrimation; profuse, fluent bland coryza, sneezing in morning; violent cough in day time, abundant expectoration; worse indoors, warmth; better in open air.
  • Lobelia inflata: Ailments from smoke, dust; emphysematous changes; extreme dyspnoea; cough with sneezing, gasping; scanty expectoration; extreme nausea and vomiting, cannot bear taste or smell of tobacco.
  • Natrum sulph: Ailments incidental to spring & rainy season; dyspnoea; coughs continuously, towards end hacks up thick, ropy, greenish mucus.
  • Pothos foetidus: Ailments from smoke, dust; great dyspnoea and cough, frequent sneezing, pain in throat and chest, anxiety, abdominal distension and tension, better in open air.
  • Phosphorus: An important remedy that may be used in majority of complaints incidental to air pollutants, e.g. conjunctivitis, rhinitis, asthmatic bronchitis, emphysema, lung cancer, leukaemia, and other malignancies, etc. Breathing anxious, panting, short, hurried, very much oppressed; tightness across chest; violent hard, dry, tight, racking cough in spasmodic paroxysms.
  • Plumbum metallicum: An important remedy for lead toxicity. Interference with homoeostasis, rapid reduction in number of red cells, with pallor, icterus, anaemia. Localized neuralgic pains, neuritis, paralysis, wrist drop; stinging and tearing in limbs, with twitching, numbness.
  • Sulphurous acid: Persistent choking cough with copious expectoration; hoarseness, constriction of chest, difficult breathing.
  • Sabadilla: Rhinitis, pharyngitis; violent spasmodic sneezing, abundant watery nasal discharge, itching and tingling in nose, redness and burning in eyes, lacrimation, frontal headache, dryness and irritation in throat.
  • Sambucus: Nasobronchial hypersensitivity; paroxysmal nightly suffocative attacks; nose stopped up at night, breath through mouth; cough deep, restlessness, profuse perspiration.
  • Sanguinaria can: Nasobronchial hypersensitivity, asthmatic bronchitis. Severe dyspnoea, constriction in chest, severe spasmodic cough. Expectoration of thick yellow mucus, dislodged with difficulty. Sneezing, profuse watery mucus from nose; sensitive to flowers, odours.
  • Spongia: Complaints from sudden change of atmosphere, smoke. Severe form of asthmatic bronchitis, with dryness of respiratory tract. Severe dyspnoea, with wheezing, suddenly wakes up at night with intense suffocation; respiration rapid, short.

Disclaimer

This article does not intend to replace the in-person consultation. The facts are for general purpose and public awareness only, and must not be taken as Medical Consultation in any form. For consultation, treatment and specific queries you need to contact your healthcare professional.

Not for Medico-legal purposes.

© Vivid Homeopathy & Arora’s Homeopathic Clinic 2017.

For reprint and collaborations please contact vividhomeopathy@gmail.com